One of the most elegant features of Java are the anonymous initializers! They came in two flavors, static and instance. These kind of initializers are anonymous because they are run by the JVM, at “load byte code” time for static initializers, and at “construction time” for the instance initializer.
The Singleton pattern its very easy to implement, we just have to hide the default constructor (writing it as private) and create a way to call it, usually using a public static method which verifies with a local field if it has already created an instance or not. If so, then ignores the creation, else it creates the instance and returns it. With this, we have only one instance possible in all the application.
Well, with static initializer you don’t need to verify the construction of the object, lets give this job to the JVM at load time! The static anonymous block runs when the JVM loads the class, which is the perfect time to create the instance! After this initialization, when calling any method of this class we are certain the instance already exists and we don’t have to develop any “if” to verify that.
An example of a very simple singleton below.
There are other ways to create the object without using the “if” (sometimes called lazy instantiation), like declaring the static field with an instance of the class:
but this solution doesn’t allowing me (in a elegant way) to run any other code at “load byte time”, so I really prefer the “static initializer way”.